what is binge eating disorder about
by Anne | 6:15 pm
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In my previous article, I talked about emotional or stress eating. Today I am going to talk about an even more serious subject. What is binge eating about? How can I tell the difference between emotional eating and bingeing? Do I have Binge Eating Disorder or BED?

First of all, take a deep breath. BED is one of the most common eating disorders in America. Yes, it is serious and yes it can be life-threatening, but it is entirely treatable. BED is more common than HIV, breast cancer, or schizophrenia. It will be okay.

what is binge eating about

What is Binge Eating Disorder?

BED is characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food in a short span of time while feeling unable to stop and a loss of control and feeling disgusted or shame over ones’ actions. Basically it is considered to be chronic overeating.

Average BED episodes happen twice a week over the course of 6 months. It is also the most common eating disorder in the USA.

BED often begins in late teens and early adulthood, but can be seen in anyone. Roughly 40% of those with BED are male.

BED was first explained as Night Eating Syndrome by Albert Stunkard in 1959. Binge Eating Disorder was created to define similar behavior without the nocturnal aspect attached to it.

The negative feelings that occur during and after a binge usually lead to a continuous use of food to cope creating a vicious cycle.

Diagnostic Criteria for BED

In order to diagnose BED, you must have both of the following when you binge eat.

1. Eating in a select amount of time, normally 2 hours, a substantially larger amount of food than what most people would eat in similar circumstances within the same amount of time.

2. Feel a lack of control during the episode, such as feeling unable to stop eating and/or not being able to control what or how much they’re eating.

Another main point for diagnosing BED is for the binge episode to contain at least 3 of the following:

  • A significant increase in eating
  • Eating until feeling stuffed or ill.
  • Still consuming large amounts of food when not physically hungry.
  • Feeling embarrassed due to the quantity of food or eating by oneself a lot of the time
  • Feeling depressed, guilty, or even disgusted with oneself during and after the binge.

You most likely feel significant distress regarding binge eating. The episodes need to occur at least once a week for 3 months and the binge eating is not associated with other eating disorders such as purging with bulimia.

Causes of BED

There are 3 main causes of Binge Eating Disorder. They are:

1. Biologicaldissatisfaction

    • Hormonal irregularities or genetic mutations can be associated to binge eating as well as food addiction.

2. Psychological

    • The correlation between binge eating and depressions is very strong
    • Other things that can contribute are:
      • low self-esteem
      • dissatisafaction with weight and body image
      • having problems coping with emotions

3. Social/Cultural

    • Traumatic events, such as abuse, can lead to an increase in compulsive overeating
    • Social pressures are also a contributing factor

Signs and Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder

Many people with BED go to great lengths to hide their disorder so some of these may not be as noticeable as others.

  • Continuing to eat when full
  • Inability to stop eating or control what is eaten
  • Stockpiling food to eat alone at a later time
  • Eating normally with other people, but gorging when alone
  • Being stressed or anxious that can only be alleviated by consuming food
  • Feeling numb while bingeing
  • Never feeling satiated no matter the amount of food consumed

Treatment and the Link to Emotional Eating

Seeking professional and medical treatment can be the most effective way of treating BED. If you or a loved one are suffering, then please seek help.You don’t have to go at this alone.

Stress or emotional eating and BED are not 2 completely separate processes. They are similar processes with distinct differences. After researching both of these the main things that differentiate between the two are the amount of food consumed and the ability to stop eating.

Emotional eating works, so if it happens occasionally then it’s not something to be really concerned about. However, if you don’t listen to your emotional state and continue to eat you can start the cycle that leads to bingeing.

To learn more about emotional eating then check out the link here.

Did you find this post helpful? Can you relate? If you can, then please post a comment below. I’d love to hear from you.

Thanks,

Anne

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Comments

Dave

Hello there,

I read this and I was shocked. I didn’t know this was a disorder. Since I was emotionally abused when I was a kid, I turned to food as my consolation and it has helped me through a lot of issues.

But now it is getting out of hand and I am getting really fat and uncontrollable. I will keep stopping by this site to get help as I am really worried about my life and I have very low self esteem.

Thanks.

May 10.2018 | 07:25 am

    Anne

    Hello, Dave, and thank you for checking out my article. If you are having problems the best thing to do would be to talk to your doctor and get a treatment plan going. I can offer you my personal support, but I am not a doctor and cannot diagnose people with a disease.

    I wish you all the best and I hope you get better soon,

    Anne

    May 10.2018 | 07:14 pm

Hollie Rose

I think its normal for people to have certain times and moments in their life where they binge eat. For some its when they have exams and any other extra stress. For me its usually during my time of the month that I tend to crave sugary foods and generally comfort food more. I don’t think this is binge eating because its not the whole time and its due to hormonal changes. Doesn’t binge eating mean eating the whole time like that?

May 14.2018 | 10:38 am

    Anne

    Hello, Hollie, and thank you for your comment. I admit that I do tend to overeat during my time of the month as well. Binge eating is defined as eating large quantities of food over a short period of time. It is typically referred to as part of an eating disorder. I hope that helped answer your question.

    Take care,

    Anne

    May 14.2018 | 11:56 am

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